The city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor".
The earliest known inhabitants arrived in the area that is now Edmonton around 3,000 BC and perhaps as early as 12,000 BC when an ice-free corridor opened as the last glacial period ended and timber, water, and wildlife became available in the region.
is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, which is surrounded by Alberta's central region.
It empties via the Saskatchewan River, Lake Winnipeg, and the Nelson River into Hudson Bay.
It runs from the southwest to the northeast and is fed by numerous creeks throughout the city, such as Mill Creek, Whitemud Creek and Blackmud Creek; this creates numerous ravines, some of which are used for urban parkland.
Typically, summer lasts from late June until early September, and the humidity is seldom uncomfortably high.
Before the construction of two reservoirs near the mountains, it would sometimes flood Edmonton's river valley, most notably in the North Saskatchewan River flood of 1915.
Twelve tornadoes had been recorded in Edmonton between 18, This "1-in-200 year event" flooded major intersections and underpasses and damaged both residential and commercial properties.
The storm caused extensive damage to West Edmonton Mall; a small glass section of the roof collapsed under the weight of the rainwater, causing water to drain onto the mall's indoor ice rink.
In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the City of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River; as a result, the city extended south of the North Saskatchewan River for the first time.
Originally named Blatchford Field in honour of former mayor Kenny Blatchford, pioneering aviators such as Wilfrid R.