This meant that the United Kingdom created in 1707 by the Treaty of Union between England and Scotland encompassed all of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of Ireland merged with this state in 1801 to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Other major urban areas in the UK include the conurbations centred on Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool.
These are not-for-profit organisations that help owner-occupiers or tenants of private rented accommodation who are older, disabled or on low incomes to repair, improve or adapt their homes.
They offer practical help with tasks such as arranging a survey, getting estimates for work, or accessing financial help.
Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world.
The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland.